Statistical Facts on past andcurrent issues will be updated frequently and is used to educate and inform only!

Hunger facts,

Although related, food insecurity and poverty are not the same. Poverty is only one of many factors associated with food insecurity. In fact, higher unemployment, lower household assets, and certain demographic characteristics also lead to a lack of access to adequate, nutritious food.

Eight states exhibited statistically significantly higher household food insecurity rates than the U.S. national average 2011-2013

United States 14.6%

Arkansas 21.2%

Mississippi 21.1%

Texas 18.0%

Tennessee 17.4%

North Carolina 17.3%

Missouri 16.9%

Georgia 16.6%

Ohio 16.0%

Domestic Violence Statistics:

One in every four women will experience domestic violence in her lifetime.

1. One in 33 men have experienced an attempted or completed rape.

2.  An estimated 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner each year.

3. The majority (73%) of family violence victims are female. Females were 84% of spousal abuse victims and 86% of abuse victims at the hands of a boyfriend.

4. The cost of intimate partner violence exceeds $5.8 billion each year, $4.1 billion of which is for direct medical and mental health services.

5. Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as likely to abuse their own partners and children when they become adults

Teen Suicide: Rates and updates: 1 in 12 teens have attempted suicide 

CDC finds suicide among high school students on the rise

The attempted suicide rate for high school students has risen from 6.3% to 7.8% in the last three years.

Nearly 1 in 6 high school students has seriously considered suicide, and 1 in 12 has attempted it, according to the semi-annual  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More female teens than males have attempted or considered suicide, the survey found. The rate was highest among Hispanic females, at 13.5%, and lowest among white males, at 4.6%. Students struggled with suicide more during the first two years of high school - roughly ages 14 to 16. Rates dropped off slightly when students reached junior and senior year.

Overall, the suicide rate among teens has climbed in the past few years, from 6.3% in 2009 to 7.8% in 2011, numbers which reflect the trend gaining national attention as more teen suicides are reported as a result of bullying.

Transgender:  Story 
Teen suicide note, My death needs to mean something. 
The suicide of a transgender teen is catching national attention in part because of a suicide note she left behind online.
Leelah Alcorn, 17, of Kings Mills, Ohio, was struck and killed by a tractor-trailer on I-71 about 2:30 a.m. on Sunday, R.I.P youngster.

Experiences with Violence

Negative attitudes toward lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people put these youth at increased risk for experiences with violence, compared with other students.
1 Violence can include behaviors such as bullying, teasing, harassment, physical assault, and suicide-related behaviors. LGBTQ youth are also at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors, suicide attempts, and suicide.
A nationally representative study of adolescents in grades 7–12 found that lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth were more than twice as likely to have attempted suicide as their heterosexual peers.
3 More studies are needed to better understand the risks for suicide among transgender youth. However, one study with 55 transgender youth found that about 25% reported suicide attempts.

According to the gay bullying statistics from the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community, about one fourth of all students from elementary age through high school are the victims of bullying and harassment while on school property because of their race, ethnicity, gender, disability, religion or sexual orientation. Unfortunately the primary reason for bullying is due to something that may set themselves apart from the norm, and that includes sexual orientation. 

Statistics

  • More than one-third (36 percent) of LGBT undergraduate students have experienced harassment within the past year, as have 29 percent of all respondents.
  • Those who experienced harassment reported that derogatory remarks were the most common form (89 percent) and that students were most often the source of harassment (79 percent).
  • Twenty percent of all respondents feared for their physical safety because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, and 51 percent concealed their sexual orientation or gender identity to avoid intimidation.
  • 84% of respondents identified as LGBT.16% of respondents identified as heterosexual or uncertain
  • 71 percent felt that transgender people were likely to suffer harassment, and 61 percent felt that gay men and lesbians were likely to be harassed.
  • Forty-three percent of the respondents rated the overall campus climate as homophobic.
  • Every two years the Massachusetts Department of Education conducts a version (MYRBS) of the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey, exploring the health-related attitudes and behaviors of high school students. The 2003 survey found that LGBT students, when compared with their heterosexual peers, were:
    • over 5 times more likely to have attempted suicide in the past year;
    • over 3 times more likely to have skipped school in the past month because they felt unsafe at or en route to school; and
    • over 3 times more likely to have been threatened or injured with a weapon at school in the past year.
Taken from the Campus Climate for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender People, 2003 The Policy Institute of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force Crimes committed in 2002 due to bias against the victim’s perceived sexual orientation represent 16.7% of reported hate crime incidents – the highest level in the 12 years since the agency began collecting these statistics—according to data released Oct. 27 in the FBI report "Crime in the United States in 2002." Sexual orientation bias represents the third highest category of reported hate crimes.
Facts on HIV/AIDS
Updated November 2014
HIV/AIDS: Remain one of the world's most significant public health challenges, particularly in low- and middle-income countries.
As a result of recent advances in access to antiviral therapy (ART), HIV-positive people now live longer and healthier lives. In addition, it has been confirmed that ART prevents onward transmission of HIV
At the end of 2013, 11.7 million people were receiving ART in low- and middle-income countries; this represents 36% [34–38%] of the 32.6 million [30.8–34.7 million] people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries.
Progress has also been made in preventing mother-to-child transmission and keeping mothers alive. In 2013, close to 7 out of 10 pregnant women living with HIV – 970 000 women – received antivirals (ARVs).
WHO has released a set of normative guidelines and provides support to countries in formulating and implementing policies and programmed to improve and scale up HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services for all people in need.
This fact file provides current data on the disease, and ways to prevent and treat it.
Unwanted Pregnancies:
Teen Pregnancy Statistics and Teen Pregnancy Facts
The United States has the highest rates of teen pregnancy and births in the western industrialized world. Teen pregnancy costs the United States at least $7 billion annually.Thirty-four percent of young women become pregnant at least once before they reach the age of 20 — about 820,000 a year.
Eight in ten of these teen pregnancies are unintended and 79 percent are to unmarried teens.The teen birth rate has declined slowly but steadily from 1991 to 2002 with an overall decline of 30 percent for those aged 15 to 19. These recent declines reverse the 23-percent rise in the teenage birth rate from 1986 to 1991.
The largest decline since 1991 by race was for black women. The birth rate for black teens aged 15 to 19 fell 42 percent between 1991 to 2002. Hispanic teen birth rates declined 20 percent between 1991 and 2002.
The rates of both Hispanics and blacks, however, remain higher than for other groups. Hispanic teens now have the highest teenage birth rates. Most teenagers giving birth before 1980 were married whereas most teens giving birth today are unmarried.

School Dropout Rates:

  1. Every year, over 1.2 million students drop out of high school in the United States alone. That’s a student every 26 seconds – or 7,000 a day.

  2. About 25% of high school freshmen fail to graduate from high school on time.

  3. The U.S., which had some of the highest graduation rates of any developed country, now ranks 22nd out of 27 developed countries.

  4. The dropout rate has fallen 3% from 1990 to 2010 (12.1% to 7.4%).

  5. The percentage of Latino students who graduate have significantly increased. In 2010, 71.4% received their diploma vs. the 61.4% in 2006. Asian-American and white students are still far more likely to graduate than Latino and African-American students.

Rates on Child Abuse updated:05.18.2018

Texas has the highest rate of child abuse and neglect from any other state

Texas  reported years:  

2008 223  

2009 279             

2010 222              

2011 246             

2012 215

Physical abuse, which may range in severity from minor bruising to death.
Sexual abuse, involving varying degrees of coercion and violence.
Neglect, ranging from the failure to provide food, clothing, or shelter to the failure to provide medical care, supervision, or schooling. Exposing a child to dangerous conditions or hazards, including crime, may also be considered neglect.
Harms Caused by Child Abuse and Neglect in the Home
Children who suffer abuse and neglect may sustain a variety of devastating physical, psychological, cognitive, and behavioral problems. The effects vary with the age and personality of the victim and also with the type and duration of the abuse. Physical consequences may range from minor injuries to severe brain damage, while psychological harms range from lack of self-esteem to learning disorders to serious mental illnesses. Many abused and neglected children develop behavioral problems that interfere with their education and lead to their involvement in delinquency. Maltreated children may run away from home, get involved with drugs and alcohol, experience intimacy problems, and self-harm. Research has shown that significant proportions of adults who were abused as children go on to abuse their own children.8 Serious negative outcomes are more likely if the abuse occurs over a long period of time, if it involves violence, or if offender is the victim's father or father figure. While many maltreated children experience immediate and lifelong problems, many do not. Research on promoting resiliency in children has found that abuse's negative effects can be buffered when children can form trusting relationships with adults, have structure and rules at home, are encouraged to be autonomous, and have access to health, education, welfare, and social services.
 Not only does child abuse and neglect harm the victims themselves, but also it harms families and communities. Nonoffending parents not only must help their children recover from maltreatment, but also must deal with their own complicity in permitting the maltreatment to occur, or in failing to recognize the signs of abuse in their children. The presence of child abuse and neglect in a community reflects attitudes about child rearing, punishment, and acceptance of violence as a solution to problems.
 Finally, because many forms of child maltreatment are crimes, and because the effects of child abuse and neglect include delinquency, substance abuse, and violence, efforts to reduce the incidence of child abuse and neglect are essential to long-term public health and public safety efforts.
 Victims
In 2005, across all types of maltreatment, newborns to three-year-olds had the highest victimization rates.11 More than half were seven or younger. About half of all victims were boys, and half girls. White and Hispanic children have lower victimization rates than children of other ethnicities. The victim profile is somewhat different depending on the individual type of maltreatment:
 Physical abuse. The risk of physical abuse decreases as the child gets older, although adolescents are also victims of it. Boys and girls are equally at risk of minor physical abuse, although boys are slightly more likely to sustain serious injuries. Physical abuse occurs disproportionately among economically disadvantaged families. Income also affects the severity of abuse.
Sexual abuse. Children are at highest risk of sexual abuse from ages seven to 12, although sexual abuse among very young children does occur and is often undetected because of their inability to communicate what is happening to them. Sexual abuse victims tend to be selected because they are vulnerable in some way (e.g., very young, passive, quiet, needy). Girls are significantly more likely to be sexually abused than boys, although it is possible that boys are simply less likely to report their victimization.
Neglect. The risk of neglect generally declines with age. The mean age of victims of neglect is six years old. Boys and girls are equally at risk of neglect.
Children are never responsible for their victimization, but certain characteristics increase their vulnerability. Children's need for attention and affection is their single most exploitable characteristic. Particularly in the case of sexual abuse, a trusted adult may take advantage of a child's natural curiosity, desire to be included, and need for affection. The relationship between children and their caretakers makes it difficult for children to interpret what is happening to them as "abuse." A victim may also feel a sense of loyalty to the abuser, and while the victim may want the abuse to stop, he or she may not want the perpetrator to be punished. Children with disabilities are extremely dependent on adults, and this dependence limits their ability to protect themselves and, in some situations, their ability to disclose what is happening to them.
Repeat Victimization
For many children who have experienced maltreatment, the efforts of police, child protective services, and other social services have been insufficient to prevent repeat victimization. In 2005, approximately 6 percent of victims experienced another incident of abuse or neglect within six months of a substantiated finding of maltreatment.14 One study found that the highest risk of subsequent abuse was within 30 to 60 days after the initial report. Situations that increased the risk of subsequent victimization included caretaker substance abuse and criminal behavior, and the lack of police involvement in the initial investigation.
 Perpetrators
Child abuse occurs in all cultural, ethnic, occupational, and socioeconomic groups. A parent's likelihood of mistreating his or her children is rarely the result of any single factor, but rather results from a combination of circumstances and personality types. While certain factors may be prevalent among perpetrators, the mere presence of a situation or particular trait does not mean that maltreatment will always occur.
 Physical abuse Caretakers who physically abuse their children tend to experience high stress (e.g., from single-parenting, health problems, unemployment, poverty) and may have poorly developed coping skills. They may also struggle with personality factors such as low self-esteem, poor impulse control, depression, anxiety, and low frustration tolerance. Their expectations for their child may exceed the child's developmental capacity. As a result, they may not interact well with their child and tend to use more punitive discipline. Perhaps because mothers spend more time with their children, perpetrators are slightly more likely to be female than male. Further, normal adolescent defiance and rebellion increases family tension and may frustrate parents, who respond with excessive punishment. When confronted, physically abusive caretakers tend to offer illogical, unconvincing, or contradictory explanations for the child's injury.
Sexual abuse. Sexual abusers are usually in a position of authority or trust over their victims. They are usually male and typically in their early 30s, although a significant proportion are adolescents (e.g., siblings or babysitters).Offenders who victimize family members tend to have only one or two victims (usually female), while non-relative offenders tend to have a much larger number of victims (usually male). Their feelings of inadequacy, depression, isolation, rigid values, and deviant arousal patterns contribute to their offending. Once they have selected a vulnerable victim, perpetrators generally "groom" the victim by progressing from nonsexual touching to sexual activity. They may use their authority to force their victims to participate, or may use various forms of enticements and coercion. Using bribes, threats, isolation, or physical aggression, perpetrators also persuade their victims to remain silent about the abuse so that other adults cannot intervene. Sexual abusers tend to rationalize and minimize their behavior, deny the sexual intent, or project blame onto the victim. That said, most sexual abusers are not attracted exclusively to children (that is, they are also sexually attracted to adults), and they have relatively low recidivism rates, particularly as they get older.
Neglect. Single female caretakers are mostly likely to be reported for neglecting their children. Younger mothers, those with large families, and those who experienced neglect themselves are also more likely to neglect their children's needs. Economic hardship and isolation from social activities and peers are also contributing factors. They may also have a substance abuse problem that limits their ability to care for themselves and creates a chaotic lifestyle that compromises their parenting abilities.
Family Factors 
Children in single-parent families may be at higher risk of physical abuse and neglect, although the effects of poverty, stress, social isolation, and lack of support are all contributing factors. Risk is reduced for the children of single mothers when the children have a relationship with their fathers. In two-parent families, the risk of maltreatment is greater if marital conflict or domestic violence is also present. Neglectful parents tend to have more children and more people living in the household. Neglected children's homes are characterized by chaos and an ever-changing constellation of adult and child residents.
Environmental Factors 
Families living in areas challenged by poverty and unemployment, particularly when coupled with the individual and family factors described above, are at higher risk of child abuse and neglect. The degree of social support available to parents, along with community attitudes about raising children and using punishment, can also contribute to the risk of child maltreatment.
Understanding Your Local Problem
The information provided above is only a generalized description of child abuse and neglect in the home. You must combine the basic facts with a more specific understanding of your local problem. Carefully analyzing your local problem will help you develop a more effective response strategy.

 

Child abuse is the physical, sexual or emotional maltreatment or neglect of a child or children.
Date Verified 1.2.2014
Child abuse can occur in a child’s home, or in the organizations, schools or communities the child interacts with. There are four major categories of child abuse: neglect, physical abuse, psychological or emotional abuse, and sexual abuse.
Number of children annually who are abused : 681,000
Number of children annually who received preventative services from Child Protective Services 3,300,000
Number of children that die every day as a result of child abuse and 4% of children who die from abuse, are under the age of 4 years of age.
Percent of abused children that will later abuse their own children 30 %
Percent of men in prison that were abused as children 14 % Percent of women in prison that were abused as children 36 %
Annual cost of child abuse and neglect in the United States $124,000,000,000
Percent of child abuse perpetrators that are female 53.6 %
Percent of homeless youth that ran away to escape abuse 46 %
Abused children are 25 % more likely to experience teen pregnancy
REMEMBERING the children of past and present ABUSE! If you are someone is potentially involved in abuse against a child, please seek help. There is plenty of assistance available to prevent harm to a child.
News topics of Children harmed through abuse arelisted below.
TAMPA, Fla. (Reuters) - 2014The parents of a 22-day-old baby found starved to death in Florida have been charged with first-degree murder, police said on Tuesday, accusing them of neglecting the suffering infant.
COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) —  2014 The body of a missing 14-month-old Maryland boy was found in an Ohio creek. 

Automobile Deaths:

Distracted Driving

Distracted driving is anything that takes away your cognitive, visual, or physical ability to focus on the primary task of driving. When you’re behind the wheel, distractions can pop up everywhere you look. Whether it’s your cell phone, car passengers, other drivers, your car stereo or temperature controls, or even just thinking about your busy day, distractions can compromise your attention and cause a crash in the blink of an eye.

Distractions while driving, of course, have been around far longer than smartphones — in fact, they’ve been around for as long as automobiles have existed. Eating and driving, for example, is one of the most dangerous activities you can engage in behind the wheel; the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that it increases your risk for a crash by 80 percent.

Still, there’s no denying that the advent of smartphones, in-car GPS, and other portable electronic devices have introduced a host of new sources for distraction without alleviating any of the distractions that already existed. With social media, mobile games, and all the information on the world wide web at their fingertips, drivers are feeling more tempted than ever to take their eyes off the road — and they’re causing more crashes as a result.

Troubling Statistics Regarding Distracted Driving

The National Safety Council (NSC) reports that the current upward trend in traffic deaths began in 2014 and shows no signs of decreasing. Nationwide, the NSC reported 17,775 traffic fatalities in the first six months of 2016 — an increase of 10.4% compared to the same period in 2015 and up 18% compared to the same period in 2014. These alarming numbers came after years of declines in the total number of annual traffic deaths.

In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) recently reported that the United States ranked 17th out of 29 high-income nations for the most traffic deaths per 100,000 people in 2013. The United Kingdom, Canada, Brunei, and the Philippines (just to name a few) have fewer traffic-related fatalities per capita than the United States.

As we discussed back in September, North Carolina doesn’t seem to be an exception to this trend, as state officials reported a 7.4% increase in traffic fatalities in 2015 compared to the previous year.

Robert Gordon, senior vice president for the Property Casualty Insurers Association of America, told a safety forum late last year that experts in the insurance industry believe that distracted driving is one of the primary causes behind the increase in traffic deaths. They came to this conclusion in part, he said, because traffic fatalities spiked especially sharply in urban areas where congestion is higher and driving speeds are generally slower.